BACHARACH (Bacherach), town in the Rhine Valley, Germany. Jews were living in Bacharach in the first part of the 12th century and were engaged in moneylending. While the troops were assembling there in preparation for the Second crusade , several families left the town and took refuge in the nearby castle of Stahleck. Three householders who went on royal orders to collect their debts were martyred by the crusaders on the eve of Pentecost, 1147. In 1283, 26 Jews were massacred as the result of a blood libel . Heinrich Heine's incomplete epic, Der Rabbi von Bacherach, was based on a massacre in 1287 following a blood libel in Oberwesel. The Jews in Bacharach were attacked by the armleder in 1338–39, and others lost their lives in the black death persecutions, 1348–49. A document dated 1510 shows that the Jewish community had by then been reestablished. In the early modern era a synagogue and a ritual bath, probably used by the Jews of Bacharach, existed in nearby Steeg. There were 34 Jews living in the town in 1924 and 200 in the area in 1932. The five Jews who remained in Bacharach were deported by July 26, 1942 by the Nazis. A number of noted Jewish families derived their name from Bacharach (see next entry). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Germ Jud, 1 (1963), 17; 2 (1968), 44; AWJD (June 9, 1967), 17; Kahlenberg, in: Zwischen Rhein und Mosel…, 17 (1967), 643ff. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Kuenzl, in: G. Heuberger (ed.), Mikwe (Ger., 1992), 23–88; K.H. Debus, in: Bacharach und die Geschichte der Viertaelerorte (1996), 319–26. (Zvi Avneri)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BACHARACH — (Bachrach; also spelled Bacherach, Bachrich), name of several families originally from bacharach on the Rhine. GOTTSCHALK OF BACHARACH is mentioned   in Frankfurt in 1391 and EPHRAIM GUMBRECHT BACHARACH in 1457. MENAHEM (Man) BACHARACH was rabbi… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BACHARACH — BACHARACH, family of business, political, and communal leaders in Atlantic City, New Jersey. BENJAMIN (1865–1936) was a local merchant and banker. Born in Philadelphia, he and his brothers Isaac and Harry were brought to Atlantic City in 1881 by… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bacharach — Bach a*rach, Backarack Back a*rack, n. A kind of wine made at Bacharach on the Rhine. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bachărach — Bachărach, Stadt am linken Rheinufer im Kreise Goar des preußischen Regierungsbezirks Koblenz; Stärke u. Lederfabrik, Weinbau (Bacharacher Wein, guter Rheinwein), Schifffahrt, Fischerei; 1700 Ew. Dabei die alte Burg Staleck, im Rheine ein nur bei …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bacharach — Bacharach, Stadt im preuß. Regbez. Koblenz, Kreis St. Goar, links am Rhein, an der Staatsbahnlinie Mainz Koblenz, 81 m ü. M., hat eine evang. Kirche (Pfeilerbasilika aus dem 12. Jahrh.), eine kath. Kirche und die Ruinen der Wernerskirche,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bacharach — Bachārach, Stadt im preuß. Reg. Bez. Koblenz, am Rhein, (1900) 1902 E., Weinbau; dabei Ruinen der Burg Stahleck (1689 zerstört), der Wiege der Pfalzgrafen. B. bildet mit den weinreichen Tälern Manubach, Diebach und Steeg den Bezirk der sog.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bacharach — Bacharach, alte Stadt am Rhein, im preuß. Reg. Bez. Koblenz, eng gebaut, mit Mauern und Thürmen umgeben, hat 1550 E., 3 Kirchen, unter diesen eine im byzant. Styl gebaute Synagoge; vortrefflicher Weinbau. In der Nähe die Ruinen von Stahleck, dem… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bacharach — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bacharach — Infobox German Location Art = Town image photo = Bacharach town river.jpg image caption = Bacharach, view from Castle Stahleck. Wappen = Wappen von Bacharach.png lat deg = 50| lat min = 04 | lat sec = 0 lon deg = 07 | lon min = 46 | lon sec = 0… …   Wikipedia

  • Bacharach — 50° 03′ 40″ N 7° 46′ 10″ E / 50.0611, 7.76944 …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.